Monitoring, and control of machines and processes are made in a smart way more than ever before. The smartness is enabled by the use of artificial intelligence and facilitated by human intelligence, collaboratively.
In future smart factories, Internet of Things (IoT) will provide better connectivity of machines and field devices for data collection. Mobile Internet/5G will make it practical to transmit a large amount of real-time data in ultra-low latency for sharing. Cloud-based quantum computing will offer rapid and on-demand data processing. Big data analytics will reveal hidden patterns and values in data so as to convert data into information and further transform information into knowledge.